Papaya Research

Effect of Red and Green Algal Extracts on Hyphal Growth of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, and on Mycorrhizal Development and Growth of Papaya and Passionfruit

Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi enhance terrestrial plant growth by forming a symbiotic relationship with the roots of its host plant. Effects of red and green algal extracts on in vitro hyphal growth of AM fungi, Gigaspora margarita and Glomus caledonium, and on the mycorrhizal development and growth of papaya seedlings and passionfruit cuttings were investigated. Three kinds of red algae, Gracilaria verrucosa, Gelidium amansii and Eucheuma cottonii, and a green alga, Chlorella pyrenoidosa, were extracted with 75% methyl alcohol (MeOH), and these extracts were fractionated by a flash chromatograph equipped with an octa decyl silane column and eluted with...